lethargic_man: (linguistics geekery)
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The Samaritan text resolves (mostly slight) inconsistencies between the list of kosher and non-kosher animals in Lev. 11 and Deut. 13 in favour of Leviticus. In both cases there's one bird name changed: דוּכִיפַת becomes דגיפת. (I have no idea whether this makes any change to the meaning; the word in the Samaritan text is not in my dictionary.)

Deuteronomy 16:4 דברים טז ד
And there shall be no leavened bread seen with you in all your border seven days; neither shall anything of the meat which you sacrificed on the evening of the first day, remain until the morning. וְלֹא־יֵרָאֶה לְךָ שְׂאֹר בְּכָל־גְּבֻלְךָ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים וְלֹא־יָלִין מִן־הַבָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר תִּזְבַּח בָּעֶרֶב בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן לַבֹּקֶר׃
In the Samaritan text this reads:
And there shall be no leavened bread seen with you in all your border seven days; neither shall anything of the meat which you sacrificed on the afternoon of the first day, remain until the morning. וְלֹא־יֵרָאֶה לְךָ שְׂאֹר בְּכָל־גְּבוּלְךָ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים וְלֹא־יָלִין מִן־הַבָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר תִּזְבַּח בֵּין הָעֲרְבַּיִם בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן לַבֹּקֶר׃
Deut. 16:8:
Six days you shall eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the Lord your God: you shall do no work therein. שֵׁשֶׁת יָמִים תֹּאכַל מַצּוֹת וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי עֲצֶרֶת לַה׳ אֱלֹהֶיךָ לֹא תַעֲשֶׂה מְלָאכָה׃

In the Samaritan text the seventh day is described, like in Ex. 13:6, as a חַג "festival", rather than עֲצֶרֶת "solemn assembly", to the Lord. However, the Samaritan text, strangely, resolves the discrepancy of days (six, rather than seven), in favour of the Deuteronomic text in Exodus. I wonder how long Samaritans actually go without חָמֵץ on Pesach. I can't easily consult my Encyclopaedia Judaica until the power adapter for coronium turns up; however, Wikipedia says, in a "[citation needed]" entry, that "the Karaite and Samaritan Passovers are each one day long, followed by the six day Festival of Unleavened Bread" (the two seem originally to have been distinct, in the Torah account) which would make it the same length after all.

[Samaritan Torah] Samaritan Torah notes         Jewish learning notes index


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Lethargic Man (anag.)

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