lethargic_man: "Happy the person that finds wisdom, and the person that gets understanding."—Prov. 3:13. Icon by Tamara Rigg (limmud)
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Exodus 28:30, at the end of the description of how to make the breastplate of judgement, says:

You shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goes in before the Lord: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the Lord continually. וְנָתַתָּ אֶל־חֹשֶׁן הַמִּשְׁפָּט אֶת־הָאוּרִים וְאֶת־הַתֻּמִּים וְהָיוּ עַל־לֵב אַהֲרֹן בְּבֹאוֹ לִפְנֵי ה׳ וְנָשָׂא אַהֲרֹן אֶת־מִשְׁפַּט בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל־לִבּוֹ לִפְנֵי ה׳ תָּמִיד׃
Which is all well and good, but what exactly are the Urim and the Thummim? The Samaritan text has an extra bit about their construction; does this tell us what they actually are?
You shall make the Urim and the Thummim and you shall put on the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goes in before the Lord: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the Lord continually. וְעָשִׂיתָ אֶת הָאֻרִים וְאֶת הַתֻּמִים וְנָתַתָּה עַל־חֹשֶׁן הַמִּשְׁפָּט אֶת־הָאֻרִים וְאֶת־הַתֻּמִּים וְהָיוּ עַל־לֵב אַהֲרֹן בְּבֹאוֹ לִפְנֵי ה׳ וְנָשָׂא אַהֲרֹן אֶת־מִשְׁפַּט בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל־לִבּוֹ לִפְנֵי ה׳ תָּמִידָה׃
Answer: no.

[Samaritan Torah] Samaritan Torah notes         Jewish learning notes index


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